Macroscopic Model on Driver Physiological and Psychological Behavior at Changes in Traffic

Published In: Journal of Engineering & Applied Sciences


A model is presented which can accurately characterize macroscopic traffic evolution. This model is based on analogies with the ideal gas law. A traffic constant is proposed which considers both physiological and psychological driver behavior. Physiological behavior is the time taken to observe and process local traffic conditions and then initiate actions while psychological behavior includes the attitude and awareness of a driver. Thus, the traffic conĀ¬stant encompasses the perception, awareness, attitude, and reaction of a driver. The proposed model is evaluated for changes in traffic flow caused by an inactive bottleneck. The results are compared with those for the Payne-Whitham (PW) model. This shows that the temporal and spatial evolution of traffic with the proposed model is more realistic.