Published In: IEEE Access Impact Factor: 3.7
The anisotropic Zheng and Jiang models characterize traffic with a constant rearward velocity. They also consider a constant driver sensitivity which can result in unrealistic behavior. In this paper, a new anisotropic model based on a variable rearward velocity is proposed. The transition width, driver reaction, and sensitivity at transitions are used to characterize this velocity. This width impacts traffic alignment with forward conditions and driver reaction can be aggressive, slow or typical. The performance of the proposed, Zheng and Jiang models is evaluated over a 2000 m circular (ring) road with an inactive traffic bottleneck. Results are presented which show that traffic evolution with the proposed model is more realistic than with the Zheng and Jiang models.